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Ivan Sutherland



født 1938 i Hastings Nebraska


, amerikansk datalog , pioner inden for computergrafik og interaktive anvendelser af computere , medstifter af firmaet og .


Sutherland er kendt som ophavsmand til Sketchpad .


Ivan Sutherland er lillebror til



Sutherland har en bachelor-grad i svagstrøm fra 1959 , en master-grad i datalogi fra Caltech 1960 , og en Ph.d. fra MIT 1963 .



Emnet for Sutherlands Ph.d. afhandling 1963 var Sketchpad , inspireret af vision om .


Sketchpad var et af de første computer systemer der anvendte interaktiv grafik .


Sketchpad fik stor betydning for Douglas Engelbarts og for udviklingen af grafiske brugerflader og udviklingen af systemer til interaktiv grafik .


Sketcpad regnes for forbilledet for alle CAD systemer .



Efter endt uddannelse blev Sutherland ansat hos NSA og derefter i perioden 1964- 1965 hos ARPA som leder af IPTO .


Fra 1966 frem til 1980 var Sutherland ansat University øf Utah og Caltech .


Sutherland har som forsker yder fundamentale bidrag inden for 3-D-computergrafik , interaktive systemer , CAD , , systemer til design af kredsløb og VLSI chips sammen , og robotter .



I 1968 etablerede Sutherland sammen med David Evans firmaet , som udvikler avancerede systemer til computergrafik , herunder både software og special-hardware til 3-D-computergrafik .


Evans and Sutherland har bl.a. udviklet flysimulatorer og avancerede systemer til USA's militær .


Både , stifteren af , og Jim Clark , stifteren af og Netscape , har været ansat hos Evans and Sutherland .


Sutherland drev Evans and Sutherland parallalt med sine stillinger universiteter .



I 1980 startede Sutherland sammen ned virksomheden blev virksomheden og dens patenter opkøbt af og omdannet til Sun Microsystems Laboratories , med Sutherland som leder .



Sutherland har i årenes løb taget mere end 10 patenter .


Ivan Sutherland modtog i 1988 for Sketchpad og for sine bidrag til computergrafik .



Literatur



I.E. Sutherland: <S1>Sketchpad--A Man-Machine Graphical Communication System</S1> MIT Lincoln Laboratory Technical Report #296, januar 1963.



I.E. Sutherland: <S1>Ten Unsolved Problems in Computer Graphics, Datamation, maj 1966.</S1>



I.E. Sutherland & T.H. Myer: <S1>On the Design of Display Processors</S1>, Communications of the ACM, juni 1968.



I.E. Sutherland: <S1>A Head-Mounted Three-Dimensional Display</S1>, AFIPS Conference Proceedings, 1968.



I.E. Sutherland: <S1>Computer Displays</S1>, Scientific American, juni 1970.



I.E. Sutherland & Mead, C.A.: <S1>Microelectronics and Computer Science</S1>, Scientific American, september 1977.



Raibert, M.H. & I.E. Sutherland: <S1>Machines That Walk</S1>, Scientific American, januar 1983.



Eksterne adresser



Biografi af Ivan Sutherland



Eksterne henvisninger



Because no values have been specified for the prop parameter, a legacy format has been used for the output. This format is deprecated, and in the future, a default value will be set for the prop parameter, causing the newformat to always be used.



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